Burmese Gemstone and Jewelry

In Yangon (Rangoon) attractive local gemstones & jewels are on sale.

Burma (Myanmar) in ASEAN the country is the main producer of all kind of precious and “semi-precious stones”. Plus gold, silver pearls amber and other semi-precious items plus countless gemstones are on display in dozens of shops and many are really valuable with a creative design that includes rubies and sapphires plus jade and more.

In Yangon (Rangoon) is one of the last old style oriental bazaar of the east that is the Bogyoke Market in a style Marco Polo must have seen in the east. Gems and other materials are brought from the north of the country to Yangon where creative people craft them into great pieces of jewelry many jade and silver items are produced in Mandalay.

This area can be fully edited and gives you the opportunity to introduce yourself, your website or company, your products or services.
This area can be fully edited and gives you the opportunity to introduce yourself, your website or company, your products or services.

 It's really amazing what ideas the people put into jewelry creations, there are also plenty of typical ethnic jewelry items using other local materials.

Myanmar has a long tradition as a source for high-quality precious stones from Myanmar, already since the 15th Century trader from Arab countries, India, China and Europe come to buy gemstones, Chinese and Indians came via overland border and other visitors over the Ocean.

Until the 19th Century rubies and spinels were considered the same. Clearly visible in the English crown where a spinel was included as a ruby. With emeralds, sapphires, and other precious stones there was no confusion.

Here is a translation from Dutch travelers report of the 16th Century about Burmese Gemstones.

Rubies are of many sorts, but the best are those that are called carbuncles, which are rubies that weigh above 25 carats, which are rather rare to be found.

The best rubies with exceptional colors are from India called tockes, which are like Carbuncles; there are others called ballax, which are of a lower price than the first, and they are red. Another red variety is called espinellas, today spinel, that are of color like fire, and are less esteemed than the other two sorts because they have not the same properties as the premier red stones.

Blue and yellow sapphires are available as cabochon they are also sold in white like diamonds and others of a cornflower color or much like white cherries when they are ripe. Others found half white, half red, and a thousand such other sorts.

Of emeralds which the Indians call pache, and the Arabians Samarrut, there are none throughout all India, yet it is reported some have been found there, but few and not often, they are brought in from Cairo in Egypt and are likewise called Oriental.

Many are also brought out of the Spanish Indies and carried into the lands via Pegu, where they are much worn and esteemed by Venetian traders (who have traveled there with emeralds and bartered them for rubies and jewelry) they become very rich. Some used jade as a replacement for emeralds.

All the said stones are likewise used in medicines and Apothecaries drugs.

They are found in great numbers in Persia, and brought into India from (beyond) Ormus, by hundred pounds at once, earth and together, which in India are little esteemed, for that the Indians and Portugal’s do not wear many of them, and make small account of them.

The jasper is much found in the land of Cambaia, but not much regarded: they make dishes and cups thereof; it is of color green like emerald. Chrisolites and amatistes are many in the Island of Ceylon, Cambaia, and Ballagatte, (and) the stone called alakecca, (which) is also called Bloodstone, because it quickly stanches blood, other stones called milk stones, which are good brought to their perfection and ripeness, and being perfect they are of color red, like the carbuncle and tockes aforesaid but wanting somewhat of their perfection.

Those that are half rubies, and half safire’s, which the Indians call nilcandi, grow always in one rocks, whereby they are often times found, half one, half other. The rubies by the Arabians and Persians are called lacut by the Indians manica. The sapphire is not of as great estimation as the ruby and yet is one of the most precious stones next to diamond, and the rubies they do grow and are found in rocks like diamonds.

How to Value Rubies.

Ruby and diamond jewelry how to handle them? When you have a ruby to value (or esteem) that is squared table wise, (as it should be), and that such a ruby is to accompany a diamond of the same weight in carat it is (both) fine and good. The ruby is not sold by weight, because it has no certain thickness, for that many of them are made thin for pleasure to the sight, and the better to lay the ground or leaves under them, and it may very well be thin, but not very much, for them it should be a let (and hindrance) unto it; if a ruby be whole or perfect (both) in color, cleanness, thickness, squareness, and form, it is worth a hundred buckets;

But there are very few that are perfect in all points since have always some faults or spots that are covered or hidden; but right perfect there are very few and not many men have any great knowledge there in; therefore I will say, to make our account, that a ruby which in common is accounted perfect and good, is worth seventy buckets. As it is easy to imagine buying gemstones is not as easy.

Contemporary (Syngenetic) - Inclusions that have formed at the same time as the host.

I. Solid Inclusions - Crystals and/or glasses formed at the same time as the gem and trapped by the growing gemstone. It is usually impossible to tell just from a microscopic examination whether or not a solid inclusion formed before the host. Examples: various, including calcite and dolomite in ruby from metamorphic environments 1 such as Mogok, Burma).

II. Primary Cavities - Negative crystals. cavities which may or may not look like solid crystals and which were formed while the gem itself was growing. They may be trapped for a variety of reasons, most commonly due to rapid growth. When a crystal grows very rapidly, it no longer grows with smooth, flat faces, but instead grows with faces that have channels. Such channels provide perfect pockets for trapping of the growth solution. Primary cavities may be filled with liquid alone (single phase), liquid + gas or liquid + solid (2-phase), or liquid + gas + solid (3-phase). Examples: negative crystals are commonly seen in all minerals, especially in gems which grow from solutions, such as quartz, fluorite, beryl, corundum, topaz, etc.
III. Growth Phenomena A. Primary Twinning - Twins that formed at the same time as the host (growth twins). These typically occur as single planes only, rather than repeatedly.

Examples: Spinel and diamond macles growth twinning in Sri Lankan and Kashmir Sapphire just keep in mind that ruby and sapphire stones are from the same source which are corundum gems.

B. Color Zoning - During a crystal's growth, the coloring agents may not be available in completely consistent amounts. The result is a layered appearance of lighter and darker lines (or bands) which follow the external surfaces of the crystal. This is similar to the growth rings of trees, except that with single crystals, the external surfaces are flat and meet at specific angles. Thus the growth lines of single crystals will always be straight lines (never curved, unless one looks in directions other than parallel to the face of which they formed).

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