Loose Gemstones

Loose Gemstones in Myanmar.

Myanmar is a true "gemstone nirvana" and the best place to go shopping for is the Bogyoke Market in Yangon. Walking around in this "virtual ocean of gems" is pure "eye-candy". But to make a good deal it needs hard negotiations.


gemstones of Myanmar

This probably will change slowly now (2018) because of the opening of the country. In the past it was always shared like that
  • The Myanmar's mined the gemstones and 
  • The Thais and other sold them which was clearly visible with ruby and sapphire where the production is around Mogok and Mong Hsu and most of the gems and jewelry made from are sold in Bangkok and Chanthaburi.
Although many of the traded raw and loose gems have undergone some kind of heat and other treatments since everyone knows that it won't be a real problem. This two places indicated above have the necessary infrastructure to handle this business.

Now how gemstones are created and embedded in natural mineral deposits in various geological environments. The ranges are from a time when the earth for formed due to a volcanic eruption. They are characterized and classified by the various geological parameter.

Other semi-precious stones such as turquoise and azurite are copper-rich stones blend with water. 

Loose gemstones such as corundum topaz.


Malachite, emeralds, and tourmaline are made when water get in touch with magma and then crystallize. Spaces are broken up, are filled with veins of other minerals and form hydrothermal deposits.

In the last hundred years, artificial stones were created in labs which are physically the same as the natural ones. Often even better because of much clearer but people like it made by mother nature such as this sapphires.Synthetic gemstones have similar physical properties as the natural ones actually, most are even better and much cheaper as the real ones often substituted in jewelry.

They also don't have all the natural inclusions a genuine gem have and this is also the reason why they can easily be identified as fake, although they are not in physical terms but in value. For a fascinating shine and colorful gemstones, they must be cut, faceted and polished to show their natural beauty after jewelry will be made from. Garnets are typical they go together with other minerals and colors, they are also used as abrasive to handle other stones.

Cabochons and loose gemstone beads & balls 
The information about them have a strong visual focus and show where they are mined and manufactured into beautiful ornaments set in gold platinum and silver.

Many people buy the loose stones and create pretty silver jewelry out of it. The reason is simple since it looks good blend nicely with most colored gemstones and with the right alloy they metal gets a sufficient hardness. This is "Sterling Silver" but be careful it is often tainted to get more money out of it when sold, which is very popular in Thailand.

The variants of mining are covered including the exotic and hidden ones in Myanmar (Burma) where they won’t allow foreigners to visit because of smuggling concern. Gem mining is explained and how pieces of precious jewelry are made from gemstone, minerals, pearls, corals and other exotic material. When you watch the pictures you will understand why they say 'diamonds are the girl’s best friends'.

Our website has a strong visual orientation, to bring out the nature of the stones, minerals, and pearls. About South Sea Pearls with different colors and sizes, these beautiful little balls are cultivated and jewelry is created from. 

A ball chain or bracelet made from them are a real eye-catcher on any women's body and it is not very expensive, one of the spheres above is up to two hundred dollars.

Natural Ruby gemstones are some of the most prominent within the group of precious stones, they belong to the corundum family and are the red version of it. The other are sapphires which include all other colors of the family altogether a glamorous one. 

Sapphires are the blue version of the family plus all other hues that includes white and pink which makes them almost identical to diamonds actually if one is not a specialist they won't be able to see the difference anyway only the refraction or sparkling is a bit less but with a beautiful hue and a reasonable clarity it's just fine.

Jade stones are the number one with Chinese people, they used this green mineral since thousand of years, but the is "nephrite jade", the better is jadeite which comes only from Myanmar (Burma) and today all high-end jewelry is this material, read more.

But the best of the greenstone version is for sure jadeite which is mined in Myanmar (Burma). This is a gorgeous mineral more sought after from Chinese people, they really like them because of the colors and certain superstitious health ideas. This goes on for thousands of years.

Emerald gems mainly come from South America which means Columbia and Brazil there are some other minor productions elsewhere read more This bright green and mostly clear stone looks somehow similar to jade but that's opaque and there is no clear version. Emeralds are real gorgeous precious gems.

In 2007 a major discovery of pink-red spinel was made in Tanzania, and many gem dealers regard it as the finest ever discovered until the 19th Century this red stone was also recognized as ruby. Only the technology which came up during that time enabled to analyze the mineral and people saw the difference. 

Myanmar (Burma) is a typical producer country and Thailand is doing the sales, of course, there are two other heavyweights such as China with Jade and India but they are more focused on the domestic market. This probably will change slowly now (2016) because of the opening of the country.

In the past it was always shared like that, the first ones extracted the gemstones and the other sold them. Clearly visible with Ruby and Sapphire where the production is around Mogok and Mong Hsu and most of the gems and jewelry are sold in Bangkok and Chanthaburi.


The main trading with colored semi precious corundum stones is going on in this two cities in Thailand. Every day hundreds of people from all over the world come to buy the precious gems. Although most of the traded raw and loose gems have undergone some kind of heat and other treatments since everyone knows that it won't be a real problem. This two places also have the necessary infrastructure to handle this business.

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