Mogok Ruby Market

Mogok Burmese Ruby Market.

Mogok Ruby are exceptional not only the Burmese (Myanmar) stones because of their color clarity transparency brightness and hardness plus the ability to florescent on certain conditions which is a worldwide unique phenomenon and let them virtually glow in optical terms in Mogok "Rubyland".

Mogok Ruby Market.



Mogok ruby market

Mogok ruby mines.

Mogok's stone tract is the most attractive ruby source worldwide plus spinels and sapphire are found along with rubies. The stone quality of Myanmar ruby (Burma) is superior to other countries, Mogok red rubies are always discovered together with sapphires since both are corundum gems. 


mogok ruby market (1)
Myanmar people working in Mogok









Similar gemstones are found in other places on the globe such as Madagascar Sri-Lanka and elsewhere but it is the clarity and rich red fluorescence conditions which make the Burmese Ruby superior to all other. Additional low scale/quality mining is done in Thailand Cambodia and other places on the globe. Here are some Myanmar people working in Mogok.

The best method of observing the strong red fluorescence of ruby is to focus ultraviolet light in the absence of any visible light. The presence of iron as an impurity quenches the red fluorescence because energy is transferred to the iron and appears as heat.

Mogok ruby selectionMogok ruby mine












Actually spinels sometimes look even better than ruby stones because their colors is more vibrant. With them, it is similar to corundum which actually is the sapphire and ruby family anyway. Around are also colorful peridots plus other topaz semi-precious stones such as zircon and quartz inclusive amethyst plus tourmaline moonstone and plenty more are found.

Mogok Ruby's red crystals display an internal picture which is distinctly unique.  Often allowing separation from rubies of any other source. 

The major features are both euhedral ('well-formed') and rounded crystal grains they "go" well along with dense clouds of rutile silk. Repeated twinning is relatively common, as is hexagonal color zoning sometimes in a swirled pattern termed 'treacle'.


This unique phenomenon occurs only with Mogok Rubies. In general, the mineral resources which may be considered as valuable gemstones should have the following characteristics beauty durability and rarity.

ruby silver pendant
Ruby and silver jewelry come in many variants among other are the red stones in a silver setting. As usual with gems they are not easy to find and extract. Around Mogok ruby gemstones many legends have been build  up during the last thousand years when Burmese kings considered them their property and they leased the mining rights.

The red corundum (ruby) from Mogok 
is among the rarest of the major precious stones.


Ruby and diamond at the Swedagon Pagoda
The second version is Sapphire which covers all other colors. Myanmar has two main ruby mining areas which are shown on the maps at the right side. There are two main mining districts, one is the Mogok stonetract where they found the crystals since centuries with the best quality and colors of “pigeon blood red". Other products from the places are sapphire, topaz, tourmaline, garnet and red spinel.

Generally, absent however or in small numbers only are the liquid-filled "fingerprints" and feathers which are common in Thai rubies. Crystalline solids of a number of types are characteristic in Burmese rubies. They typically form clusters of rounded and for euhedral wins of a light color or colorless) concentrated particularly in the center of the crystal. The most often reported inclusions are calcite spinel and corundum plus apatite. Futile and zircon. Calcite is present as both rounded and angular rhombs and may be recognized by its cleavage and the polysynthetic twin lamellae which it often contains.


Spinel gemstones are found in the same areas and look very similar that's the reason why people mistakenly often confuse them.


Further east closer to Thailand is Mong Hsu the second Ruby Mining area in Myanmar.


The means of mining rubies sapphires and corundum in general depends mainly to the availability of the investment capital to buy the the mining machinery.

Mogok is in Central Myanmar and the countryside around is one of the richest precious-stone grounds on earth. They have about 200 different variants of gemstones extracted there every month. Many people got rich overnight.and that goes on since hundreds of years.


red ruby & blue sapphire

Mogok Rubies


Mogok is in the hearth of Myanmar and the countryside around is one of the richest prechious-stone grounds on earth. The have about 200 different variants of gemstones extracted there every month. Many people got rich overnight.and that goes on since hundreds of years.


Open pit raw ruby mining.

Market in Mogokruby mining Myanmar style










The means of mining rubies sapphires and corundum in general depends mainly from the available investment capital.

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